Have you ever tried to look into your commercial rubbish bins and wondered about the dangers lurking in your trash? The recycling images labeled on large rubbish bins and on household cleaning chemicals exist for a reason. No matter if you’re holding an eco outdoor sale for your recycled goods and using recycling images to label your trash, failing to understand the hazards of trash can render you helpless when an accident comes up. Understanding hazardous waste materials can help you maintain the safety of your home. This article tackles hazardous waste and its properties:
What is Hazardous Waste?
Any type of waste which contains properties that could make it harmful to the environment or human health may be classed as hazardous waste. Defining hazardous waste, however, is not quite as simple as this. There are however a number of different properties that can make the waste hazardous, and waste can be classed as hazardous whether the potential harm to the human health or the environment would occur straight away or over a duration of time.
Usually, recycling images and other trash labels display the characteristics to look out for when trying to determine whether or not a particular type of waste may be classed as hazardous. These include irritant, flammable, infectious, toxic, harmful, carcinogenic, mutagenic, oxidizing agents and exotoxins.
Some examples of items that are classed as hazardous waste include the following:
– lead-acid batteries
– fluorescent tubes
Properties of Hazardous Waste
There are a number of different properties that can make a substance capable of being hazardous. The list below details the different properties of hazardous waste.
· H1 Explosive – Substances that are capable of exploding under the effect of flame or which are more sensitive to shocks or friction than dinitrobenzene.
· H2 Oxidizing – Substances exhibiting highly exothermic reactions when in contact with other substances, particularly flammable substances.
· H3a Highly Flammable
· Liquid substances with a flashpoint below 21C
· Substances capable of heating and finally catching fire if in contact with air at ambient temperatures and without any application of energy.
· Solid substances capable of catching fire after brief contact with a source of ignition and continuing to burn or to be consumed after removal of the source of ignition.
· Gaseous substances flammable in air at normal pressure.
· Substances evolving dangerous quantities of highly flammable gases if in contact with water or damp air.
· H3b Highly Flammable – Liquid substances with a flashpoint between 21C and 55C.
· H4 Irritant – Non-corrosive substances that are capable of causing inflammation through immediate, prolonged or repeated contact with the skin or mucous membrane.
· H5 Harmful – Substances which may involve limited health risks.
· H6 Toxic – Substances which may involve serious, acute or chronic health risks and even death.
· H7 Carcinogenic – Substances causing or increasing the incidence of cancer.
· H8 Corrosive – Substances capable of destroying living tissue on contact.
· H9 Infectious – Substances containing micro-organisms or their toxins which cause disease in man or other living organisms.
· H10 Teratogenic – Substances capable of inducing hereditary congenital genetic defects or increasing their incidence.
· H11 Mutagenic – Substances which may induce hereditary genetic defects or increase their incidence.
· H12 – Substances which release toxic gases in contact with water, air or acid.
· H13 – Substances yielding a leachate or other substance after disposal with any of the above properties.
· H14 Ecotoxic – Substances presenting immediate or delayed risks for the environment. See more at https://www.ecobin.com.au/product-category/indoor/paper-recycling/